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The Greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated- Mahatma Gandhi
 

ANIMAL  HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES

INTRODUCTION:  Animal Husbandry is a major economic activity of the rural peoples, specially in the arid and semi-arid regions of the Rajasthan. Development of livestock sector has a significant beneficial impact in generating employment and reducing poverty in rural areas. Livestock contributes a large portion of draft power for agriculture, with approximately half the cattle population and 25 percent of the buffalo population being used for cultivation. 

About 8% of  G.D.P. of the State is contributed by Livestock sector alone. This sector has great potential for rural self-employment at the lowest possible investment per unit. Therefore, livestock development is a critical pathway to rural prosperity.
As per the livestock census  2007, there are 566.63  lacs livestock (which include Cattle, buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Camel, Horse and donkey) and  Poultry 49.94 lacs in the State.  Rajasthan has about 6.09% of country’s cattle population and contributes over 10% of total milk production, 30% of  mutton and 35 % wool produced in the country.

MAIN ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMMES OF THE DEPARTMENT:
Various livestock development programmes are aimed to increase the productivity of the animals on sound scientific methodology. The main activities and programmes of the department includes:-

  • Breed improvement programme using superior germplasm
  • Veterinary health care & Disease Control Programme.
  • Extension Activities
1) BREED IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME USING SUPERIOR GERMPLASM

Objectives:

  • Progressive genetic improvement for milk production in important breed/type of cows and buffaloes by following scientific methods.
  • Production and distribution of superior pedigreed bulls for use in Cattle and Buffalo Breeding Programme.
  • Preservation of indigenous germplasm.
  • Production of upgraded crossbred animals suitable for specified breeding tracts.

a)Indigenous Breed Improvement Programme :
To preserve and develop the well recognized indigenous breeds of cattle of the state, the indigenous breed improvement programme is being operated in the native tract of cattle breeds viz. Gir (Ajmer), Tharparkar (Barmer), Rathi (Bikaner), Kankrej (Jalore) and Nagauri (Nagaur district).  The frozen semen of the selected bulls of these breeds is provided for artificial insemination in animals of the respective breeds and genetic improvement is achieved by selective breeding / upgradation of the animals in the respective breed tract.

b)Pig Breeding Programme :-   
The pig is one of the most efficient animal having a great food conversion efficiency among domesticated livestock, and can play an important role in improving the socio-economic status of the weaker sections of the society. The Department has established one Piggery Development Training Center at Alwar where 5 days training programme is being conducted free of cost.
With an idea to provide breedable exotic Pigs to local pig breeders and to encourage the Scientific pig breeding in the state a Pig Breeding Farm is functioning at Alwar.  Unit of pig (3 male + 1 female) is being supplied in the Alwar & Bharatpur districts specially to the Schedule Caste, Tribes and marginal farmers. This Pig unit  (3+1 ) is being distributed to the Socially Backward Classes on subsidized rates i.e. @ Rs. 5000 per Unit.

c) Goat Development Programme:
Rajasthan is having 3 well known breeds of goats viz.: Jakharana, Sirohi, and Marwari breeds.  The goat population of Rajasthan is more than 169 millions, which is almost 18% of India's total goat population. 
The programme for goat development is mainly aimed to help in improving the weaker sections of society.  There are goat farms of the department working at Ramsar in Ajmer district, Cattle Breeding Farm, Nagaur and Kumher at Bharatpur District.  Goat development programme is aimed to develop Sirohi goats in ten districts of South-Western regions of the State viz.: Ajmer, Pali, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Rajasmand, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Banswara, Nagaur and Udaipur. Sirohi breed kids of about 4-6 months age are selected from the home tract and are reared at Ramsar farm Ajmer and Cattle Breeding farm, Nagaur. The bucks of Jamunapari breed of goat are being reared at Cattle Breeding farm, Kumher, in Bharatpur District. These bucks are distributed in Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Alwar and Sawai Madhopur Districts.

These elite Sirohi bucks after attaining breeding age are distributed to goat breeders @ Rs.600 to BPL families and to others @ Rs. 800 per Buck. The Jamunapari bucks are distributed to SC/ST/BPL families @ Rs. 1200 per buck and for general category Rs. 1500 per buck and for other institutions @ Rs.3000 per buck.

d)Sheep Breeding Programme :-   To improve the sheep population of the state genetically by providing superior breeding males (rams) to the sheep breeders, Department is running a Sheep Breeding Farm at Fatehpur (Sikar). According to the departmental sheep breeding policy, the crossbred animals of the farm has been sold and replaced by indigenous breed i.e. Nali and Marwari. In the year 2010-11, the farm ha purchased 278 Nali Sheep (269 ewes and 9 rams) from the state budget and by the budget of central wool board, Jodhpur provided through Rajasthan Livestock Development Board, Jaipur, department has purchased 243 Marwari Sheep (215 ewes, 10 rams and 18 lambs). The indigenous rams will be distributed to the Sheep breeders at the subsidized rates. The farm also has 84 exotic sheep (49 ewes, 5 rams and 30 lambs) of Rambouillete breed.

2) VETERINARY HEALTH CARE & DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMME:-

The veterinary health coverage programme is the most vital input for the livestock production programme.  The genetic traits of the superior exotic and crossbred livestock cannot be exploited fully unless they are provided specialized health care and management as they are highly susceptible to the diseases.  There has been continuous increase in the number of Veterinary Institutions in the State. 

·                Veterinary Health Care Programme: The health of the animals of the state is being taken care of by 3698 veterinary institutions comprising of 14 Polyclinics (VPC), 249 1st grade Veterinary Hospitals (VHF), 1570 Veterinary Hospitals (VH), 7 Private Veterinary Hospitals, 285 Veterinary Dispensaries,  1580 Sub-Centers (SC). These institutions are situated in far flung areas of the state. The sub-centers and dispensaries are headed by technical subordinate staff i.e. Livestock Assistant (LSA) & Veterinary Assistant (VA), respectively. Whereas the VH, VHF & VPCs are headed by the state officer cadre staff i.e. Veterinary Officer (VO). Senior Veterinary Officer (SVO) and Assistant Director (AD), respectively. All these institutions are stationary with working jurisdiction of villages falling in their 8 Km. radius area.

·                Disease Control Programme: The animals are vaccinated regularly against many fatal diseases viz. Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS), Black quarter (BQ), Enterotoxaemia (ET), Sheep Pox, Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) etc. The immunization programme run through the veterinary institutions whereas the input i.e. vaccines are provided mainly by Departmental Biological Product Laboratory, and shortcomings are met by procuring from IVRI, Izatnagar. The vaccination is done at a nominal cost i.e Rs. 1.00 per dose for HS/BQ, Rs. 0.50 per dose for ET/Sheep Pox and at a subsidized rate of Rs.2.00 per dose for FMD.

 Biological Production Unit (B.P.Lab)
State Biological Product Laboratory, situated at Agra Road, Jamdoli Jaipur-302007,  is producing various  types of vaccines viz. Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS), Black quarter (BQ), Enterotoxaemia (ET) etc.  for effective control of diseases in the state. In addition to this Department of Animal Husbandry is procuring nearly ten million doses of different types of vaccines (FMD, Swine Fever, RP, Sheep pox) from other sources. However we are able to cover only about 30% of the livestock population. Therefore, there is a substantial scope for vaccine production & procurement to cover whole of the livestock population.

Disease Diagnostic Centers: Department is providing animal disease diagnostic facilities through One State Disease Diagnostic Centre, 6 Regional Disease Diagnostic  Centres and 25 Disease Diagnostic  Laboratories  at District head quarters to the vast livestock population. For effective control of diseases in animals, the department is running a programme under Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD)
Assistance To States For Control Of Animal Diseases (ASCAD)
This is a scheme of Government of India. Under this component, assistance is provided to State Governments for control of economically important diseases of livestock and poultry by way of immunization, strengthening of existing State Veterinary Biological Production Units, strengthening of existing Disease Diagnostic Laboratories, holding workshops/seminars and in-service training to Veterinarians and Para-veterinarians to carry out Disease Investigation work in the state through a network of Laboratories located at Capital, various Divisional & District places.
1.       State Disease Diagnostic Centre. Jaipur
2.       Regional Disease Diagnostic Centres Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur,  Jodhpur, Bikaner & Bharatpur.
State Disease Diagnostic Centre, Jaipur- The lab is controlled by Deputy Director (Pathologist). All other disease diagnostic laboratories of the districts except Jaipur are under the administrative control of their respective district Dy. Directors, while technically these are controlled by Pathologist, SDDC  Jaipur. SDDC acts as a referral unit for diagnosis and extends expert opinion to various departmental institution like RDDCs, DDLs,Veterinary polyclinics, Veterinary Hospitals, Veterinary Dispensaries etc. Besides this it also conducts routine diagnostic work on the material received from the field Institutions.  SDDC is recently  upgraded to BSL –II, with this status center equipped and authorized to screen Avian Influenza in the State.

Regional Disease Diagnostic Centre Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur,  Jodhpur, Bikaner & Bharatpur -The lab is controlled by Assistant Director. All regional disease diagnostic centres are under the administrative control of their respective district Dy. Directors, while technically these are controlled by Pathologist, SDDC  Jaipur. RDDC acts as a referral unit for diagnosis and extends expert opinion to various departmental institution like, DDLs,Veterinary polyclinics, Veterinary Hospitals, Veterinary Dispensaries etc Besides this it also conducts routine diagnostic work on the material received from the field Institutions.


District Disease Diagnostic Laboratory- The Laboratory functions as a Disease investigation unit for diagnosis and extending expert opinion to various departmental Institutions at district level. Besides this it also conducts routine diagnostic work on the material received from the field Institutions.


Facilities available:- Routine pathological examination like Blood and Faecal examination, Screening of dairy animals for Brucella, Tuberculosis & Jhones Disease, Screening of Poultry farms for important diseases like Salmonellosis. Lab to Land Programme, Collection of sample of different Disease e.g. FMD, PPR,IBR, Swine , Fever , Rabies & other disease.

Important Achievments:  

·                The labs. have completed the National Programme on Rinder Pest Eradication successfully as per the O.I.E. mandate.

·                Elisa Labs have been started at Jaipur

 

RINDERPEST ERADICATION SCHEME

NATIONAL PROJECT FOR RINDERPEST ERADICATION

INTRODUCTION

 

A GOI sponsored and EEC assisted programme launched in April 1992. It is follow up Rinderpest Eradication Scheme and its successor Operation Rinderpest Zero. The project aims at eradication of Rinderpest disease and Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) through improved management of health coverage. Office internationale des epizootes (OIE) has defined criteria involving a three stage process for achieving and proving freedom form Rinderpest disease.For effective implementation of this criteria all the states and UTs were placed in four zones.(A,B,C,D) Rajasthan is categorized under zone B.
Three stages are narrated as under -
1. Provisonally free from Rinderpest disease.
2. Free from Rinderpest disease.
3. Free from Rinderpest infection.

OIE has declared our country PROVISIONALLY FREE FROM RINDERPEST DISEASE vide certificate dated 1.3.1998.

 In next step OIE has recognized India as FREE FROM RINDERPEST DISEASE vide certificate dated 27.5.2004 

OIE has declared our country FREE FROM RINDERPEST INFECTION on MAY 2006

Thus we have achieved I, II & III and for maintaining the status of  the FREE FROM RINDERPEST INFECTION country following activites are going on in state.

  1. Ordinary Village Search - A programme  of Village Search with an aim to search for the physical presence of Rinderpest disease in livestock going on .

 

  1. Stock Route Village Search - A programme  of Village Search with an aim to search for the physical presence of Rinderpest disease in livestock of villages situated on stock routes.

 

  1. Day Book Inspection - It is an Institutional Search programme in which village level records of the cases showing RP like symptoms are followed up with laboratory investigations in order to prove or disprove the presence of Rinderpest Disease through laboratory inverstigations.

Contagious Bovine Pluero Pneumonia (C.B.P.P.)

Our country has attained the status of SELF DECLARED FREE FROM CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA COUNTRY Information of outbreak of C.B.P.P. and further investigation reports from all  districts is monitored as per the guide lines from National Project for Rinderpest Eradication, GOI, New Delhi.

Pest Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

Rinderpest like disease of small Ruminants (Sheep and Goat). According to the guide lines of NPRE, GOI, New Delhi. PPR disease status is regularly monitored on the basis of information from District Institutions.


EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
For surveillance & monitoring of disease there is extensive network of disease surveillance in the department. The epidemiological unit determines the disease endemic areas, control of outbreaks of animal diseases and its containment. Simultaneously it also helps in containment of zoonotic diseases of public health importance. For any outbreak the veterinary hospital at field level, Deputy director at district level and Deputy director Epidemiology can be contacted at Directorate level.

The Division of Epidemiology  -

  • Collect analyze and interpret data on important existing and emerging diseases of livestock, and poultry with special reference to enzootic and epizootic diseases.
  • Impart education and training in epidemiological principles and methods.
  • Provide epidemiological services to state responsible for health cover and control of animal diseases.
  • Surveillance/Forecasting :- There are many ways in which surveillance can play a role in preventing or mitigating the impacts of a disaster. In animal populations, this is of tremendous significance since disease surveillance is one of the methods by which can be prevented.
  • Mass vaccination programme.

Anti Rabies Unit
In the state at Jaipur & Ajmer two units are functioning for control of rabies, under the scheme mass vaccination of pet dogs are performed through routine OPD services in respective policlinics.

3) EXTENSION ACTIVITIES

Poultry Development Programme :-

A major break through has been made in the field of development of high producing strains of layer stock in the State.  One state level poultry farms is situated  at Khatipura, Jaipur and a State disease diagnostic laboratory of poultry is also functioning at Gandhinagar,  Jaipur.

Livestock Marketing :-
Rajasthan is the home tract of various breeds of different livestock species.  With a view to encourage the livestock farming and to maintain these important famous breeds of the livestock, 10 state level cattle fairs are organized every year by the department in the different parts of the State.  The Animal Breeders earn about Rs. 25-30 Crore annually through the sale of the animals.  Besides these state level cattle fairs, nearly 240 cattle fairs are also organized by different agencies like Panchayat Samities, Nagar Palikas etc. in the State.

STATE LEVEL CATTLE FAIRS
The heritage of Rajasthan and its cultural diversities is well projected in the various state level fairs conducted by the state Animal Husbandry department. These fairs are conducted with an aim to draw their attention to the scientific and technical developments in the Animal Husbandry sector and to motivate them for developing and rearing elite animals. These fairs are an appropriate source for sale and purchase of livestock adding to the income of livestock owners / breeders

There are 10 such fairs in the state, the list of which is as follows:


S.No

Name of the Cattle Fair

District

Month of Conduction

As Per Hindi Tithi

1

Shri Ram Dev Pashu Mela

Nagore

January - February

Magha Shukla 1 to Magha Shukla 15

2

Shri Mahashivratri Pashu Mela

Karauli

February

Magha Shukla 15 to Phalgun Krishna 7

3

Shri Malli Nath Pashu Mela, Tilwada

Barmer

March - April

Chaitra Krishan 11 to Chaitra Shukla 11

4

Shri Baldev Pashu Mela, Merta City

Nagore

March - April

Chaitra Shukla 1 to Chaitra Shukla 15

5

Shri Gomti Sagar Pashu Mela, Jhalrapattan

Jhalawar

May

Baisakh Shukla 13 to Jyaistha Krishna 5

6

Shri Veer Tejaji Pashu Mela, Parbatsar

Kuchaman City

August

Savan Shukla 15 to Bhadra krishna 15

7

Shri Gogamedi Pashu Mela

Hanumangarh

August - September

Savan Shukla 15 to Bhadon Shukla 15

8

Shri Jaswant Pradarshni & Pashu Mela

Bharatpur

September - October

Ashwin Shukla 5 to Ashwin Shukla 14.

9

Shri Kartik Pashu Mela, Pushkar

Ajmer

November

Kartik Shukla 8 to Mangsir Krishna 2

10

Shri Chandrabhaga Pashu Mela, Jhalarapatan

Jhalawar

November - December

Kartik Shukla 11 to Mangsir Krishna 5

Fodder Development
Balanced feeding is essential to fully exploit the genetic potential of livestock. In the State, fodder production is still deemed ancillary to agricultural production. Crop residues mainly sorghum, maize, Wheat and Bajra straws that are poor in nutritive value constitute the major fodder for livestock. If the animals are not properly fed the over all effects will be negative as far as breeding and management is concerned. Better feeding alone can bring about an increase of 30% in milk production.

Status of Dry Fodder (In Lakh MT)
Requirement                                     375 lakhs M.T
Availability                                        368 lakhs M.T

The state runs a programme of distribution of fodder seed mini kit under assistance of central govt. through the department to promote the green fodder production. In this regard the distribution of no. of mini kit (0.1hect.) for better forage production to the farmers in the year 2007-08 was as follows…
Rabi crop                   21100   
Kharif crop                27000

A total of 1148.46 Qtl. of seeds were distributed in the year 2007-08

To improve the nutritive value and digestibility of the straw urea molasses treatment is being done.  In year 2006-07, a total of 160 demonstrations had been conducted to promote the programme.

The green fodder availability is restricted to selected areas and seasons.  High population pressure on grazing lands has led to depletion and over exploitation of available grazing lands. In addition, rapid urbanization has led to shrinking of grazing lands. Moreover, with the increasing pressure on land for growing food grains, oil seeds and pulses and diversified use of agriculture residues, the gap between the demand and supply of fodder is increasing.
Regional Station for Forage Production and Demonstration was established by State Government at Dudli-Bassi (Jaipur). The seed produced at govt. farm was 64.4 Qtl.  During the year 2007-08. This Station has active liaison between regional Agricultural Universities, National Agriculture Research Institutes and the farmers for quickly transferring the findings of research.

The main objectives
1.       Introduction of fodder crops in the existing crop rotations.
2.       Demonstration of superior practices with regard to fertilizers use, water and soil management in the production of cultivated fodders, study of these practices with regard to new and promising species of fodder crops and grasses.
3.       Evolution of fodder calendars suitable to the region.
4.       Demonstration of improved management of village grazing lands and natural grasslands and study of their proper   utilization in combination of forage crops.
5.       Demonstration of improved methods of conservation of  Forage crops.
6.       Demonstration of improved methods in the utilization of Forage crops.
7.       Demonstration of economics of fodder crops cultivation and Animal production.
8.       Production of high quality foundation seeds of Forage Crops for further multiplication and distribution.
9.       Urea-Mollasses treatment demonstration through  Veterinary Hospital.

Gaushala Dvelopment Programme
Under the Rajasthan Goshala Act 1960 till now 1163 Goshalas has been registered. These Goshalas have been established by the public trusts for maintaining old, infirm, unproductive cows and its progeny. Goshalas may be used for preservation & conservation of indigenous breeds. The central government as well as state government is also assisting these Goshalas for cattle development. For detailed contact to Deputy Director, Goshala, Directorate of Animal Husbandry, Rajasthan, Jaipur.

Training Programme


Poultry Training  Programme
**15days poultry training programme for Veterinary  Officer & paravets  
** one month training programme for Poultry breeders                      

Ajmer & Jaipur

Three days Piggery Training           
             

Alwar

15 days A.I. Training Programme          
      

KVS – Jaipur & Jodhpur

3 days, 7 days & 15 days Refresher Courses for Veterinarians 

RSLMTI, Jaipur


Sheep Migration:

Migration of sheep is a regular feature of sheep rearing in the western parts of Rajasthan.   Sheep from southern parts of Jodhpur-Jaisalmer pass through Bali, Abu-road through Palanpur,  reach up to river beds in Baroda, and Surat where they spend about two months.  Similarly sheep from northern parts of these regions go through Sawai Madhopur or Hindaun to river bank in Mathura.   Usually, the farmers set out on their journey in winter and return to their homes in early monsoon.
In Churu, Jhunjhunu and Sikar districts the flocks are relatively stable and they migrate for short period from their home village to grazing areas in neighboring villages when the local pastures are exhausted. 

  

 

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